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Documentation (October 2017)

Babyn Jar
and other "forgotten" sites of the Holocaust


International Conference

Most people in Central Europe still primarily associate the National Socialist mass murder of the Jews with the death camps in occupied Poland. The Germans had consciously situated these away from major conurbations. However, one of the largest individual massacres of the Second World War on the territory of the conquered Soviet Union was committed by German police, SS, the Wehrmacht and local militia on the immediate outskirts of a large city – in a suburb of Kyiv. The area of Babyn Jar, translating as "Old Womens’ Ravine", is only four linear kilometres west of the Ukrainian capital’s central railway station. Within two days in September 1941, more than 33.000 Jews were shot there.
The German Wehrmacht invaded Kyiv on 19 September 1941. Barely two weeks later, on 29 and 30 September 1941, SS and police units, supported by local militia, massacred 33,771 Jewish men, women and children in the ravine of Babyn Jar on the outskirts of Kyiv. According to various estimates, in the following months and years between 50,000 and 100,000 people were murdered there, including Roma, Soviet prisoners of war, communists and Ukrainian activists.

The 75th anniversary celebrated last year created greater public awareness in the West of Babyn Jar as a place of commemoration of the Holocaust in Eastern Europe and the Nazis’ racially motivated politics of extermination. At the same time, many sites of mass shootings in Ukraine and on the territory of the former Soviet Union have remained virtually unknown – both in terms of geography and commemoration.

The Hitler-Stalin Pact of 23 August 1939, the occupation of Poland by German troops only a few weeks later, the annexation of the three Baltic States and parts of Romania by the USSR in 1940, the Third Reich’s invasion of the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941, the terror of occupation, millions of dead soldiers and civilians, and the collaboration of local people with the Nazi regime – all of these represent contested, controversial and complex issues that continue to divide Central and Eastern European countries both politically and socially.

The conference provided an overview of the current state of research, historical discourses and current lines of conflict in political-historical debates. It also provided an opportunity for networking and exchange between actors working in the field of remembrance. Last but not least, the conference asked how discourses of remembrance influence political decisions at the local and international level and vice versa, and what forms a critical transnational engagement with the past in Eastern Europe might take.

Pre-Conference "Mapping Memories"

Kyiv, 13-15 October 2017

The Mapping Memories Pre-Conference encouraged networking and the development of a transnational, multi-perspective dialogue between civil society initiatives and actors from Eastern Partnership countries and Europe.
Historical reflection and commemorative practices are significantly influenced by civil society initiatives, remembrance at the individual and collective level and local perspectives on historical events. Prior to the conference "Babyn Jar and other ‘forgotten’ sites of the Holocaust", this pre-conference invited actors from civil society to network and exchange methodological and historico-political knowledge. A particular aim was to become more aware of pitfalls, blurring and colouring within one’s own commemorative work and to test methods that could facilitate transnational collaboration based on multiple perspectives. The results of the discourse will be interrogated with respect to options for their implementation in daily practical work, but also form a basis for discourse for the subsequent conference from a civil society perspective.

Kyiv not only intended to serve as a venue and place of dialogue, but also as a place of exploration and interactive experience. Local discourses of commemoration were examined as an example, leading to a critical exploration and expansion of civil society’s integrative and interactive spaces.

Find the Event documentation of the Pre-Conference here.

agenda

PDF-Icon Program Pre-Conference Kyiv 2017
PDF-Icon Program International Conference Kyiv 2017
PDF-Icon Programm Internationale Fachkonferenz Kiew 2017
PDF-Icon програма Міжнародна тематична конференція Київ 2017
PDF-Icon Conference Speakers - Biographical information

date and venue

Kyiv, 15-17 October 2017

Conference 15 - 17 October 2017
Radisson Blu Hotel
Yaroslaviv Val St, 22
Kyiv 01054

Pre-Conference 13 - 15 October
IZONE
Naberezhno-Lugova St, 8
Kyiv 04071

organiser

The conference is a project of the German Federal Agency for Civic Education (bpb), supported by the German Federal Foreign Office. Scientific advice: Uwe Neumärker, Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe.

contact

Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung
Adenauerallee 86
53113 Bonn
Project Management
Hanna Liever & Nina Schillings
Tel +49 (0)228 99515-226/-265
mapping.memories@bpb.de
Administration and Processing
Julia Tibbe
Tel +49 (0)228 99515-511
julia.tibbe@bpb.de

conference management

labconcepts GmbH
Office Berlin
Friedrichstraße 206 | 10969 Berlin
Tel +49 (0)30 25 29 32 56
Fax +49 (0)30 25 94 29 11
Mapping.Memories@labconcepts.de

press contact

Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung
Stabsstelle Kommunikation
Adenauerallee 86
53113 Bonn
Tel +49 (0)228 99515-200
Fax +49 (0)228 99515-293
presse@bpb.de

Impressions Conference 15 October

15.10.2017: Opening by the moderators Demian von Osten and Louisa Slavkova at the Raddisson Blue Hotel Kyiv, Ukraine.15.10.2017: Welcome by Josef Zissels (World Jewish Congress / The Association of Jewish Organizations and Communities (VAAD), Ukraine)15.10.2017: Welcome by Josef Zissels (World Jewish Congress / The Association of Jewish Organizations and Communities (VAAD), Ukraine).15.10.2017: Welcome by Caroline Hornstein-Tomić (bpb, Germany).15.10.2017: Welcome by Caroline Hornstein-Tomić (bpb, Germany).15.10.2017: Welcome by Jens Kraus-Massé (German Embassy Kyiv).15.10.2017: Moderator Louisa Slavkova.15.10.2017: Moderator Louisa Slavkova.15.10.2017: Audience of the conference.15.10.2017: Participants of the pre-conference present their results.15.10.2017: Participants of the pre-conference present their results.15.10.2017: Participants of the pre-conference present their results.15.10.2017: Participants of the pre-conference present their results.15.10.2017: Josef Zissels (World Jewish Congress / The Association of Jewish Organizations and Communities (VAAD), Ukraine) and Caroline Hornstein-Tomić (bpb, Germany).15.10.2017: Adam Kerpel-Fronius (Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Berlin) in discussion with participants.15.10.2017: Josef Zissels (World Jewish Congress / The Association of Jewish Organizations and Communities (VAAD), Ukraine) and parts of the organization-team.

Impressions Conference 16 October

Input by Karel Berkhoff (NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Amsterdam) about the events between 1941 and 1944.Input by Karel Berkhoff (NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Amsterdam) about the events between 1941 and 1944.Audience of the conference.Karel Berkhoff in discussion with Demian von Osten.Comments and questions by the audience.Roman Shvarceman (Odessa Regional Jewish Association), participant of the conference.Andreas Umland (Institute for Euro-Atlantic Cooperation, Kiyv) in the audience.Input by Vladyslav Hrynevich (Department of Jewish History and Culture, Institute of History of Ukraine, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiyv) about the struggles with memory after the end of the war.Input by Vladyslav Hrynevich (Department of Jewish History and Culture, Institute of History of Ukraine, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiyv) about the struggles with memory after the end of the war.Vladyslav Hrynevich in discussion with Louisa Slavkova.Yana Barinova (Babi Yar Holocaust Memorial Center).Borys Glazunov (National Historical Memorial Preserve “Babyn Yar”).Dr. Boris Zabarko (Ukrainian Association of Jews), participant of the conference.Audience of the conference.Alti Rodal (Ukrainian Jewish Encounter).In Panel C Yana Barinova, Borys Glazunov and Alti Rodal discuss with Demian von Osten and Louisa Slavkova about different Initiatives for Babyn Jar as a place of remembrance.Input by Andrej Umansky (University of Cologne/Yahad-In Unum) about events and figures of the Holocaust in Ukraine.Input by Andrej Umansky (University of Cologne/Yahad-In Unum) about events and figures of the Holocaust in Ukraine.Comments and questions by the audience.Input by Oleksandr Zaytsev (Department of Modern and Contemporary History of Ukraine, Ukrainian Catholic University) about the time after the war and remembrance during real socialism.Input by Oleksandr Zaytsev (Department of Modern and Contemporary History of Ukraine, Ukrainian Catholic University) about the time after the war and remembrance during real socialism.

Impressions Conference 17 October

Input by Andrea Löw (Institute of Contemporary History, Munich) about the German War of Extermination in Poland.Audience of the conference.Input by Martin Cüppers (research center Ludwigsburg (University of Stuttgart)) about the German War of Extermination in the Soviet Union.Panel discussion with Andrea Löw and Martin Cüppers, moderated by Louisa Slavkova.Panel discussion with Andrea Löw and Martin Cüppers, moderated by Louisa Slavkova.Mikhail Tyaglyy (Ukrainian Center for Holocaust Studies, Kiyv).Input by Adam Kerpel-Fronius (Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Berlin) about Maly Trostinez in Belarus.Input by Andrej Umansky (University of Cologne/Yahad-In Unum) about Yahad-In Unum in Ukraine.Input by Ray Brandon (Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Berlin) about Protecting Memory in Ukraine.Input by Mikhail Tyaglyy (Ukrainian Center for Holocaust Studies, Kiyv).Input by Sandra Petrukonyte (Lost Shtetl) about Lost Shtetl in Lithuania.Panel discussion with Adam Kerpel-Fronius, Andrej Umansky, Ray Brandon, Mikhail Tyaglyy and Sandra Petrukonyte about how the examples from different countries can show the seal of silence surrounding sites of crime.Comments and questions by the audience.Ray Brandon, Mikhail Tyaglyy and Sandra Petrukonyte with Louisa Slavkova on the panel.Farewell and thank you by Nina Schillings (bpb, Germany).
Mapping Memories: Babyn Jar and other "forgotten”  sites of the Holocaust - Opening and WelcomeMapping Memories: Babyn Jar and other "forgotten”  sites of the Holocaust - History and memory of Babyn JarMapping Memories: Babyn Jar and other "forgotten” sites of the Holocaust - The Holocaust in UkraineMapping Memories: Babyn Jar and other "forgotten” sites of the Holocaust - Poland and the Soviet UnionMapping Memories: Babyn Jar and other "forgotten”  sites of the Holocaust - Opening and WelcomeMapping Memories: Babyn Jar and other "forgotten”  sites of the Holocaust - History and memory of Babyn Jar
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