Documentation (November 2017)

Fascism and Antifascism 2017


Mapping Memories Conference 2017

The spread of nationalist and authoritarian movements in Europe and around the world has prompted debates about a return of global fascism. At the same time, many countries are witnessing civil society activities opposing such movements. Politicians and activists from both camps endorse like-minded actors across borders. Do these developments suggest that we are living in a time comparable to the 1930s, when the decisive marker in national and international politics was the one between fascism and antifascism?

In order to address this looming question, the Federal Agency for Civic Education (bpb), in cooperation with the Hamburg Institute for Social Research (HIS) and Rutgers University, organized an international conference. It took place in Hamburg from 1-3 November 2017 and was part of the bpb’s event series Mapping Memories.

The conference investigated the contemporary relevance of fascism and antifascism by bringing together scholarly experts on these historical movements and actors in civil society. Participants from various professional backgrounds and almost 30 countries attended the event. Its goal was to discuss the interrelatedness of fascism and antifascism, illuminate their global networks and local trajectories, analyze central characteristics and ideas, and trace shifts in discourses and practices of remembrance. Other focuses were memory politics, phenomenology, and current adaptations as well as the aesthetic dimensions and artistic practices associated with fascism or antifascism.

The overarching aim of the conference was to explore whether and how the histories of fascism and antifascism offer insights into the rise of authoritarian regimes today. What makes a fascist regime? What is the line separating authoritarianism from fascism? Can we identify "tipping points"? How should a civil society react to these challenges? Do antifascist movements of the 20th century offer a role model? How can insights into such historical connections benefit proponents of a democratic civil society?

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Geoff Eley
(University of Michigan):
Keynote


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Robert Gerwarth
(University College Dublin):
Comment


Beate Söntgen, Vice President of the Leuphana University Lüneburg, during her welcome address at the Mapping Memories Conference 2017Mapping Memories Conference -2-Mapping Memories Conference -3-Mapping Memories Conference -4-Mapping Memories Conference -5-Mapping Memories Conference -6-Mapping Memories Conference -7-Mapping Memories Conference -8-Mapping Memories Conference -9-Mapping Memories Conference -10-Mapping Memories Conference -11-Mapping Memories Conference -12-Mapping Memories Conference -13-Mapping Memories Conference -14-Mapping Memories Conference -15-Mapping Memories Conference -16-Mapping Memories Conference -17-Mapping Memories Conference -18-Mapping Memories Conference -19-Mapping Memories Conference -20-Mapping Memories Conference -21-Mapping Memories Conference -22-Mapping Memories Conference -23-Mapping Memories Conference -24-Mapping Memories Conference -25-Mapping Memories Conference -26-Mapping Memories Conference -27-Mapping Memories Conference -28-Mapping Memories Conference -29-Mapping Memories Conference -30-Mapping Memories Conference -31-Mapping Memories Conference -32-Mapping Memories Conference -33-Mapping Memories Conference -34-Mapping Memories Conference -35-Mapping Memories Conference -36-Mapping Memories Conference -37-Mapping Memories Conference -38-Mapping Memories Conference -39-Mapping Memories Conference -40-Mapping Memories Conference -41-Mapping Memories Conference -42-Mapping Memories Conference -43-Mapping Memories Conference -44-Mapping Memories Conference -45-Mapping Memories Conference -46-Mapping Memories Conference -47-Mapping Memories Conference -48-Mapping Memories Conference -49-Mapping Memories Conference -50-Mapping Memories Conference -51-Mapping Memories Conference -52-Mapping Memories Conference -56-Mapping Memories Conference -57-Mapping Memories Conference -58-Mapping Memories Conference -59-Mapping Memories Conference -60-Mapping Memories Conference -61-Mapping Memories Conference -62-Mapping Memories Conference -63-

Panel 1: Fascism in History

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Sven Reichardt
(University of Konstanz):
Global Fascism: New Approaches and Perspectives


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Benjamin Zachariah
(Trier University):
Fascism, Anticolonial Nationalism and Indigenism


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Julie Gottlieb
(University of Sheffield):
Women and Fascism between the Wars: National and International Encounters and Confrontations


Panel 2: Antifascism in History

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Jennifer L. Barker
(Bellarmine University, Louisville):
Antifascist Aesthetics


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Jochen Hellbeck
(Rutgers University, New Brunswick):
The Soviet Union and Antifascism


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James Chappel
(Duke University, Durham):
Is There Such a Thing as Conservative Antifascism?


Panel 3: Mapping Fascism

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Paul Hanebrink
(Rutgers University, New Brunswick):
Politics of Memory in Hungary


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Grzegorz Rossoliński-Liebe
(Freie Universität Berlin):
Remembering and Forgetting Fascism in Ukraine


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Cornelia Siebeck
(Berlin):
"The Darkest Chapters Have Been Consigned to the Past" – Questioning the Contemporary German Memory Regime


Panel 4: Mapping Antifascism

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Mischa Gabowitsch
(Einstein Forum, Potsdam):
After Soviet Antifascism: Russian Nationalism and Its Adversaries Since 1987


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Christopher Vials
(University of Connecticut, Storrs):
Antifascist Memory in the United States


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Susanne Rohr
(University of Hamburg):
Memory in Popular Culture


Panel 5: The Contemporary Far Right and Populism

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Rafał Pankowski
(Collegium Civitas, Warsaw):
Collegium Civitas, Warsaw


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Volker Weiß
(hamburg):
The Heirs of Fascism? Neue Rechte, Nouvelle Droite, Alt-Right


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Michael Wildt
(Humboldt University of Berlin):
"Volk" and Politics of Exclusion


Panel 6: Restisting Authoritarianism

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Nigel Copsey
(Teesside University, Middlesbrough):
The Only Good Fascist Is a Dead One" – Thoughts on Militant Antifascism


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Belinda Davis
(Rutgers University, New Brunswick):
"Nazis raus. Aus den Köpfen!" Intimate Antifascism in the West German Extraparliamentary Opposition (1950s–1980s)


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Paweł Machcewicz
(Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw):
How Can a Democratic Civil Society Resist Authoritarianism?


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